来自小王子和彼得·潘的成长启示_英语论文
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来自小王子和彼得·潘的成长启示_英语论文

The Growth Insight into the Little Prince and Peter Pan

摘要

20世纪40年代,《小王子》这本吸引成年人的童话书横空出世,其作者圣埃克苏佩里是法国飞行员、作家,更是一代传奇。该书用最简单质朴的语言描绘了来自B612行星的小王子与落难飞行员“我”在撒哈拉沙漠上的奇妙邂逅。书中所述飞行员正是作者本人的一个真实写照,而在结局中主人公对小王子的深切召唤也表达了圣埃克苏佩里渴望能够从这个物欲横流、急功近利的成人社会里得到童心和童性的回归。他为这部作品配上的插图用色多彩、画风温馨,然而画完以后过了一年,作者也像小王子那样消失在了无边无际的天空之中,留下一个谜。为了探索这个谜,大家纷纷开始解剖这本书。本文基于儿童的角度,旨在挖掘并概括作者笔下所描绘的儿童独有的文化和心声以及他们对成长的不同看法。长大并非总是意味着人的生理、心理都会朝着更高一级的方向发展变化,很多时候孩子反而成了大人学习的对象。儿童配备着与生俱来的丰富的想象力,他们能透过现象看到本质,他们本应是这个地球上最快乐的人,但变质的教育正在抹杀这些孩子的童年,导致儿童成人化现象日趋严重。在这样一个与儿童成长不相适应的教育环境下,儿童被迫压抑自己的天性,无法真正、直接地领会成长的真谛。本篇论文旨在对比研究童话世界中两位长不大的小男孩小王子与彼得·潘,从探讨他俩同为选择离家出走的实质原因来引发现代社会的大人们尤其是家长们对自身童心的回归和对孩子成长环境的反思和重建。

关键词:小王子;彼得·潘;离家;成长;启示

Abstract

In the 1940s, The Little Prince—a fairy tale appealing to adults, renounced the world splendidly. The author Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, a French pilot and writer, was a legend. The work, with the plainest and simplest language, represented an adventurous encounter between me, a pilot in distress who fell into the Sahara desert and the Little Prince at sea who came from Asteroid B612. In the book, the author’s description of the pilot is a true portrayal of his own and in the end, the profound call to the Little Prince highlights Saint-Exupéry’s promotion for regression of innocence in the age of quick success and materialism. The illustrations he drew were very warmhearted. However, over a year passed, just as the Little Prince disappeared in the boundless sky, the author left in the same way, leaving us a mystery. Based on children point of view, unique cultures of children and their different views on growth are revealed. It argues that growing up does not always mean that one’s physical or mental development will always change towards a positive side; instead adults can often learn from children who are equipped with innate imagination and who can see through phenomena to perceive the essence. Children should be the happiest creature on the Earth, but the deterioration of education is inevitably shadowing their childhood and causing the increasing adult-orientation of children. They are forced to suppress their true nature and cannot really directly pursue the real essence of growth. By comparing this two little boys who never grow up in the fairy tale world—the Little Prince and Peter Pan’s similar choices of running away from home, this paper is to arouse the introspection among modern people’s return to the pure ego, especially parents’ reconstruction of a proper growth environment for their children. 

Key words: the Little Prince; Peter Pan; departure; growth; insight

Contents

1 Introduction 1

2 Unique cultures of children 2

2.1 Child psychology reflected in The Little Prince 3

2.2 Return to the pure ego 5

3 Growth insight into the Little Prince and Peter Pan 6

3.1 The Little Prince and Peter Pan’s departures from home 7     

3.2 Creation of a suitable growth environment for children 9

4 Conclusion 12

References 14


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