论英语教学中培养中学生的口语交际能力_英语论文
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论英语教学中培养中学生的口语交际能力_英语论文

On Cultivating Students’ Oral Communicative Competence in Junior Middle School English Teaching

摘要

当今英语教学忽略了新课程标准对英语口语能力的要求,过分注重应试教育,导致中学生的口语交际能力普遍低下。中学英语教学除了应注重学生们的专业知识积累,同时应该注重学生的口语交际能力的培养。该论文旨在分析当前影响口语交际能力培养的因素,并研究培养口语交际能力的方法,提升中学生的口语交际能力,摆脱“哑巴英语”现象;另外,在论文中也对某一课堂案例进行了分析,探究其对口语交际能力培养的利弊。

关键词:口语交际能力;影响因素;培养方法;案例分析

Abstract

Nowadays, oral communicative competence is gravely ignored in English teaching, though the new curriculum standard clearly puts forward the requirements for oral ability. Overemphasis on exam-oriented education generally makes students’ oral communicative competence poor in junior middle school. Therefore, besides the accumulation of professional knowledge, the cultivation of students’ oral communicative competence should also be paid attention to in junior middle school English teaching. The essay aims to analyze the negative factors of cultivating students’ oral communicative competence and study the methods to train students’ oral communicative competence. To a great degree, it can help them get rid of the phenomenon, dumb English, and improve their oral communicative competence. Moreover, a case of classroom teaching is analyzed in the paper, exploring its pros and cons to develop students’ oral communicative competence.

Key words: oral communicative competence; negative factors; methods; case study

Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Definition of communicative competence 1

1.2 Requirements of oral communicative competence in junior middle school 2

1.2.1 Three-level requirements 3

1.2.2 Four-level requirements 3

1.2.3 Five-level requirements 3

1.3 Problems related to the present oral English teaching and learning 4

1.3.1 Negative influence of exam-oriented education 4

1.3.2 Old teaching ideas and modes 4

1.3.3 The influence of emotional factors 5

1.3.4 Limited class period 5

2 Literature Review 6

2.1 Humanism Learning Theory 6

2.2 Situational Teaching Method 7

2.3 Task-based Approach 8

3 Methods to Cultivate Students’ Oral Communicative Competence in the Classroom 9

3.1 Group activities 9

3.2 Simulation and role-play 10

3.3 Discussion and debate 11

3.4 Application of multi-media and net-work teaching 12

4 A Case Study of Oral English Teaching 12

4.1 Procedures 13

4.2 Results 13

4.3 Analysis 14

5 Conclusion 15

References 17


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