从创伤理论角度解读《追风筝的人》中自我救赎之路_英语论文
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从创伤理论角度解读《追风筝的人》中自我救赎之路_英语论文

An Analysis Of Self-Redemption In The Kite’S Runner From The Perspective Of Traum Theory

摘要

《追风筝的人》是美籍阿富汗作家卡勒德胡塞尼的第一部小说, 讲述了阿富汗男孩阿米尔在经历了亲情疏离、友情背叛、国家政变、连年战争、外敌入侵、避难逃亡和塔利班统治等一系列悲剧之后,选择勇敢面对过去创伤,最后终于走上自我救赎之路的故事。

《追风筝的人中》主人公阿米尔对童年玩伴的背叛与成人后的自我救赎和创伤理论中的创伤与治愈恰好吻合。本文以《追风筝的人》英文原版为分析文本,从创伤主义理论这一视角来解读主人公阿米尔从童年心灵创伤中一步一步突破自我心理障碍并最终完成自我救赎的过程。

本文分为四部分。第一部分介绍作者情况和小说主要内容,以及该小说的研究现状。第二部分阐述创伤的定义、起因、症状与治愈途径,并介绍了创伤理论的发展过程。第三部分用创伤主义理论解读该小说,共分为三个板块。第一板块从创伤的个人、国家和文化角度来阐释创伤的起因;第二个板块从个人身份认同危机、个人孤独感、社会异化、过去与现在异化方面来分析文中创伤引起的症状;第三板块分析文中创伤的治愈过程,从个人身份的重建,自己、他人和社会重建关联、过去与未来的连接这三方面来阐述。第四部分为全文总结,道出心灵救赎的可能性。

关键词:追风筝的人;创伤理论;创伤;救赎

Abstract

The Kite’s Runner is the first novel of Khaled Hosseini who is an Afghan American writer. The novel tells a story of an Afghanistan boy, Amir, who experienced alienation of affection, betrayal of friendship, coup, war, colonialism, runaway, Taliban rule and so on. He finally chose to be brave to confront the past and eventually walked on the road of self-redemption.

In The Kite’s Runner, the protagonist Amir’s betrayals towards a childhood friend and his self-redemption in adulthood coincide with the trauma and healing in trauma theory. From the perspective of trauma theory, this paper takes the original edition as the analytic text to analyze how the protagonist, Amir, overcomes the psychological disorder from his childhood spirit trauma to realize self-redemption step by step. 

The author divided this paper into four parts. The first section introduces the writer, this novel and the research situation. The second section expounds definitions, causes, symptoms and healing ways of trauma and also sets forth the development of trauma theory. The third section analyzes the novel from the perspective of trauma theory. It can be divided into three parts. The first part analyzes the trigger of trauma in The Kite’s Runner in three ways: person, nation and culture. The second part analyzes the symptoms of trauma in three ways: identity crisis, the loneliness and community alienation and the disintegration between past and present. The third part analyzes the redemption of trauma also in three ways: identity reconstruction, reconciliation with self, enhancing the relationship with others and community reconnection, reintegration between past and present. The fourth section is the entire conclusion and tells the possibility of the redemption of souls.

Key Words: The Kite’s Runner; trauma theory; trauma; redemption

Contents

Acknowledgments3

Abstract (Chinese)4

Abstract (English)5

Introduction7

Chapter One: Trauma Theory.9

1.1 Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Healing Ways of Trauma 9

    1.2 The Development of Trauma Theory.12

Chapter Two: The Causes of Trauma in The Kite’s Runner13

2.1 Personal Trauma.13

    2.2 National Trauma.15

    2.3 Culture Trauma.17

Chapter Three: The Symptoms of Trauma in The Kite’s Runner.18

    3.1 Identity Crisis.18

    3.2 The Self Loneliness and Community Alienation.19

    3.3 Disintegration Between Past And Present20

Chapter Four: The Redemption of Trauma in The Kite’s Runner.21

    4.1 Identity Reconstruction. 21

    4.2Reconciliation with Self, Enhance Relationship with Others and

        Community Re-connection22

    4.3 Reintegration Between Past And Present.24

Chapter Five: Conclusion.25

Bibliography.27



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