弗罗斯特诗歌中的家庭伦理研究_英语论文.doc
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弗罗斯特诗歌中的家庭伦理研究_英语论文

A Study of Family Ethics in Robert Frost’s Poetry

摘要

弗罗斯特是20世纪美国最著名的诗人之一,因其诗歌多以新英格兰农村和大自然为背景,人们视他为田园诗人。但是这种归纳过于简单化,忽视了诗人探究人类生活本质的广度和深度,其中最为突出的就是诗人诗歌中的家庭伦理问题。这篇论文从家庭的角度探究弗罗斯特诗歌中的家庭伦理,其中包括儿童与父母的关系、夫妻关系以及邻里关系。通过描写无子家庭中夫妻间的矛盾衬托出子女在家庭中的作用,以及刻画在工业化社会中畸变的孩子以及冷漠无情的父母来号召父母对孩子的关心和疼爱;同时通过描述两类夫妻关系,越轨夫妻和处于激烈矛盾中的夫妻,诗人反映出在工业化进程中人们对感情的漠视呼吁对感情的忠贞和重视;深受艾默生个人主义影响的他同时也注重邻里关系的主动构建。

关键词:弗罗斯特 家庭伦理 子女 夫妻 邻里

Abstract

Robert Frost is one of the most popular America poets in the 20 century. Most of his poetry is based on New England’s rural landscape, which is the main reason why he is regarded as a nature poet. However, this kind of generalization is sort of shallow, for it neglects the width and depth of his poetry on the nature of human life, especially on the family ethics. From the family perspective, this paper aims to discuss the family ethics in Robert Frost’s poetry, including the the relationship between children and parents, wife and husband, as well as between neighbors. The poet presents the absent children and conflicting couple to emphasize the importance of children in a family, the abnormal children in modern industrialization and apathetic parents to call for the love and care for children. Besides, he depicts two type of marital relationships--- couples violating sexual ethic and couples in irreconcilable conflict--- to condemn the disregard of sensibility and calls for loyalty and value on marriage and love. Robert Frost, who is great influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson of individualism, also concerns to construct the neighbor relations actively.

Key words: Robert Frost; family ethics; children; wife and husband; neighbor  

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