从《绯闻女孩》看女性权力话语下的两性关系模式_英语论文.doc
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言说与倾听-从《绯闻女孩》看女性权力话语下的两性关系模式 

Speaking and Listening—Analyzing the Gender Relations from the Perspective of Female Discourse Power in Gossip Girl

摘要

“言说”与“倾听”是社会中典型的两性关系模式。男性言说,女性倾听是父权体制下的话语结构。这一权力话语在文学作品中构建了以男性为文本创造者和文本中心的叙事结构,体现了主流文化将男性作为创作主体、把女性作为文学作品中附属物的角色规范。女性在文本中的倾听姿态是由于她们在历史中的被迫“缄默”和“匮乏”。所以本文以福柯的话语权利理论和西蒙娜·德·波伏娃的社会性别建构观点为理论框架,以莱科夫关于女性语言特点的研究为基础,以美国塞西莉·冯·齐格萨所写的青春偶像系列小说《绯闻女孩》改编的同名美剧中人物话语为语料,分析近现代女性权力话语下的两性关系模式的转变,使读者对两性关系模式的改变的必要性及艰难性有深一层的思考。

关键词:言说;倾听;父权体制;女性权力话语;两性关系;《绯闻女孩》

Abstract

"Speaking" and "listening" are the typical gender relations patterns in society. The discourse structure, male speaking and female listening, is under the patriarchal system. This power discourse in literary works constructs a text narrative structure which makes men as creators and centers of the text, reflecting that the mainstream culture regards the male as the creative subject but the female as the appendage of literary works. The listening posture of women in the text is because they are forced to "silence" and "pinch" in the history. So this paper, using Michel Foucault' s discourse-power theory, Simone. DE Beauvoir' s view about gender construction as theoretical frameworks and the discourse in youth series Gossip girl written by Cecily Von Ziegesar as the corpus, based on Lakoff Robin’ s study about the characteristics on female language, analyzes the gender relations patterns under the background of modern female power discourse, and makes readers deeply think the necessity and hardship of the gender relations patterns transformation. 

Key words: Speaking; listening; patriarchal system; female power discourse; gender relations; Gossip Girl

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