基于功能理论分析UCP600的英汉翻译_翻译专业英语论文
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摘要

功能对等理论,是指原文和译文在形式和意义上最切近的自然对等。本论文基于此理论,研究“UCP600”(全称为“The Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, ICC Publication No. 600”)的英汉翻译。
本论文研究主要集中于三个方面:第一,介绍功能对等理论和“UCP600”的相关内容,分析功能对等理论应用于“UCP600”英汉翻译的可行性和必要性;第二,举例论证如何在功能对等理论的指导下更好地翻译“UCP600”;第三,提出“UCP600”翻译策略:包括归化翻译和直译;以及翻译注意事项:包括考虑译本实际功用,避免使用不够专业的词汇,结合使用合理的翻译策略。
本论文基于以上内容的研究,旨在让贸易双方更好地理解和运用“UCP600”译本,为信用证业务提供权威的准则,以约束贸易行为,避免不必要的贸易纠纷。

关键词:功能对等理论;“UCP600”;英汉翻译;翻译策略

Abstract

Functional Equivalence Theory is the closest natural equivalence in style and meaning between the source text and translated text. The author studies the “UCP600” (“The Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits, ICC Publication No. 600”) of its E-C translation.
 First, introduction of Functional Equivalence Theory and “UCP600”, the feasibility to apply it; second, exemplification of how to better translate “UCP600” with the theory; third, translation strategies, including adaptation strategy and literal translation; and translating instructions, including considering the actual function of “UCP600”, avoiding unprofessional vocabulary, scientifically using translation strategies.
This paper aims to make the buyer and the seller better understand and utilize “UCP600”, to restrain actions in transactions and avoid unnecessary disputes.

Keywords: Functional Equivalence Theory; “UCP600”; E-C translation; translating strategies

1.Introduction
In the history, a lot of oriental and western scholars and researchers have devoted themselves to studying Functional Equivalence Theory. They mainly focused on the definition and origin of this famous theory in the translation field. Besides, some famous and useful thoughts for translation have been put forward. Christiane Nord (2001) first made use of English to summarize the function to send a variety of academic thoughts, functional complexity of academic theories and terminology introduced in a simple language and abundant examples. About the origin of the theory of functional equivalence, it can be dated back to the famous American translation theorist Eugene Nida. Tan Zaixi (1999) mentioned that functional equivalence refers to the semantic information of style, with the closest natural equivalence of language to reproduce the source information in the language. Zhang Meiqi (2011) analyzed the application of functional equivalence theory in contract translation and put forward three translation strategies: conversion, replacement and addition. Li Jiangchun (2005) discussed the translation of business English. Du Yan (2012) described the application of functional equivalence theory in the translation of business contracts in the contract, the source text and the target text with the same communicative purpose or function. “There are, properly speaking, no identical equivalence.”(Jiang Yimin, Liu Cuilan, 2003). The words in “UCP600” are more concise, exact, comprehensible, and keeps up with the time (Su Liping, 2009).
 

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