图示理论在高中英语阅读教学中的应用_英语教学论文
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Abstract:

This thesis aims to explore the effectiveness of applying schema theory to senior high school English reading teaching. From the perspective of schema theory, the author analyzes the current situation of traditional English reading teaching in senior high school at first. Then, based on the new version of the Middle English Curriculum Standard for senior school students, the author introduces a variety of activities to build up, activate and consolidate schemata in the process of reading. The result points out the necessity of the schema theory in English reading class. Schema-oriented reading teaching activates students’ prior knowledge related to the reading material, cultivates their reading skills and improves their interest in English. The paper concludes that while utilizing schema theory to teach reading, teachers should notice the difference of students’ original schemata and focus on the different knowledge between China and English-speaking countries.

Key words: schema; schema theory; senior English reading teaching

摘要:

本文从图示理论视角,分析传统教学方式下英语阅读教学现状及存在的问题,旨在探讨图示理论运用于高中英语阅读教学的有效性和可行性。在新《高中英语课程标准》的指导下,作者呈现了多种在阅读教学中激活和巩固学生原有图示并建立新图示的阅读活动。以运用图式理论为中心的新型阅读教学方法将学生已知的背景知识和阅读材料内容相结合,培养学生阅读技巧,与此同时也激发了学生学习英语的兴趣。文章的结论是教师在运用图示理论的同时也要注意学生图示的个体差异性,重点把握具有差异的文化知识点的传授。

关键词:图示;图示理论;高中英语阅读教学

1. Introduction
As is known to all, reading is considered as the most essential skill, when compared with listening, speaking, and writing. Through extensive and intensive reading, students not only grasp linguistic knowledge and obtain information, but also lay a solid foundation for the other three skills.
At present, English Curriculum Standards demand that students should be able to identify the characteristics of different literary forms, able to understand the reading materials in the different views and attitudes, able to understand difficult and long sentences through analysis of sentence structures, able to appreciate literature in plain English with the help of teachers, and reach more than 30 million words of the amount of extensive reading. According to the requirements for students, the fundamental purpose of reading teaching is to train students to read more efficiently and to develop students’ appropriate reading habits and arouse their strong interests in English.
 

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