基于学习动机理论的高中英语课堂导入教学策略_英语教学论文
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摘要

课堂导入是高中英语课堂教学过程中的一个重要环节,是影响整体课堂教学效果的关键。而当前高中英语课堂导入教学普遍效果不佳,这影响了学生的语言学习效果。研究表明,学习动机是直接推动学生学习的内部动因, 是激励和指引学生进行学习的一种需要。一般而言,学习动机越强的人,越容易对学习产生兴趣,越能积极主动地参与到学习活动过程中去,从而提高学习效果。根据学习动机理论,课堂导入教学应强调激发学生的学习动机。本文通过对高中英语导入教学现状进行问卷调查,发现高中英语导入教学中普遍存在模式固定,缺乏活力、耗时过长,拖沓冗长、导入内容与学生生活脱节、导入内容过难或过于简单等问题,并根据调查结果探讨分析了造成这些问题的原因。在此基础上,根据学习动机理论,提出了改善高中英语课堂导入教学的策略,包括运用灵活多样的教学方法、合理安排课堂导入时间、导入内容接近学生生活、导入内容难度适中等,以引起教师对英语课堂导入教学方法的重视,根据学习动机理论设计自己的课堂导入教学,以克服英语课堂导入教学中存在的问题,改善自己的课堂导入教学方法,从而达到提高高中英语课堂教学整体效果的目的。

关键词:学习动机理论;课堂导入教学;现状;教学策略

ABSTRACT

Lead-in plays an important role in high school English classroom teaching, and it is a key element influencing the whole classroom teaching efficiency. However, the current lead-in teaching effect of high school is universally poor, which affects students’ classroom language learning efficiency. Studies show that learning motivation is one of internal motive powers that stimulates students to learn actively. Generally speaking, one with a strong sense of learning motivation can be more easily become interested in learning and be more active to take part in learning activities , and thus achieve high learning efficiency. According to the learning motivation theory, classroom lead-in teaching should stress students’ learning motivation stimulation. In this paper, questionnaires were employed in English lead-in teaching in high school classroom teaching, and some problems are found which include teachers teaching in an fixed and boring way, teachers spending too much time on lead-in section, the content of lead-in activities irrelevant to students’ lives, the content of lead-in too difficult or too easy to students, etc. And then the paper analyzes reasons that cause these problems. On the basis of above mentioned investigation and analysis, this paper puts forward teaching strategies that can improve English classroom lead-in teaching in high school based on the learning motivation theory, including adopting flexible and diverse teaching methods, spending suitable time on lead-in section, designing lead-in content relevant to students’ lives, designing lead-in content matching students’ basic knowledge and so on. Hopefully, teachers can focus on English classroom lead-in teaching methods, apply the learning motivation theory to overcome problems and improve teaching methods, thereby to enhance English classroom teaching effect.

Key words: Learning motivation theory; classroom lead-in teaching; current situations; teaching strategies

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