《名利场》中男性与女性形象的解读_英语文学论文
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摘 要

本论文的目的是通过对《名利场》剧中男性女性人物的不同性格的塑造以及结局设计,揭露当时英国的社会风貌。同时探求当时社会贵族与绅士对社会的影响及《名利场》这部作品的深刻社会意义。
本论文由四部分组成:
第一部分是是研究背景介绍;
第二部分首先通过对情节的研究,以及作者的生平背景找出了作者与这本书的关联;
然后从这本书的主要人物个性形象的分析,并且与现代社会的人们做出对比,揭露当时英国的社会风貌以及,反映出当时男性女性的更深层形象;
最后,通过男性女性的形象的分析总结,揭示出当代社会的黑暗。

关键词:名利场,男性与女性,社会,形象

ABSTRACT

Through the male and female figures’ different disposition as well as the result designs to the play ,the goal of this topic is exposition England's social style at that time.  Simultaneously  this article seeks the influence of the aristocrat and the gentleman to the society and the profound social significance of the " Vanity Fair ".
This thesis include four parts:
The first part of this article makes comments to the " Vanity Fair " from various aspects;
In the second part, through the research to the plot as well as author's biography background, we have discovered the connection of the author and this book at first;
Then through the analysis of the character contrast with modern society's person, exposition England's social style at that time.
At last, we promulgate the darkness of contemporary society through the analysis to the male and female figures.

Key words: Vanity Fair; male and female;society;figures

1    Introduction of Vanity Fair

Like many novels of the time, Vanity Fair was published as a serial before being sold in book form; it was printed in 20 monthly parts between January 1847 and July 1848. (As was standard practice, the last part was a "double number" containing parts 19 and 20.) The parts resembled pamphlets, and contained the text of several chapters between outer pages of steel-plate engravings and advertising. Woodcut engravings, which could be set along with normal moveable type, appeared within the text. The same engraved illustration appeared on the canary-yellow cover of each monthly part; this colour became Thackeray's signature (as a light blue-green was Dickens'), allowing passers-by to notice a new Thackeray number in a bookstall from a distance. Vanity Fair was the first work that Thackeray published under his own name, and was extremely well-received at the time. The original monthly numbers and later bound version featured Thackeray's own illustrations, which at times provided plot hints or symbolically freighted images (a major character shown as a man-eating mermaid, for instance) to which the text does not explicitly refer. Most modern editions either do not reproduce all the illustrations, or reproduce them so badly that much detail is lost.
 

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