论《瓦尔登湖》中的现实政治反映_英语文学论文
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摘 要

一百多年前的美国独立日,梭罗住进了一个叫瓦尔登湖的地方。当时的美国在处于资本主义迅速发展时期,哈佛大学毕业的他本可以像其他人那样经商发财,将追求利润作为生活目的,然而他却选择回归自然。也许只有像他那样的人才能做到真正的全身心地回归自然,也许只有那些有着深厚宗教情结的人才能体验到生命与时光之间的变奏,思索起工业时代人们的生存方式问题。
本文尝试通过对《瓦尔登湖》的解读,阐释分析梭罗的生活观,为当代人展现他的“人类与自然和谐相处”的思想。他的作品《瓦尔登湖》,以一种极简的方式的生活态度,表达了其在政治上纯净的,和谐,和平无斗争的思想。梭罗以深情的笔触详细描绘了他自己在湖畔,在森林里,在小木屋中的点点滴滴,深刻地影响着美国、乃至世界对自然的看法,引导人们对人与自然的关系重新进行思索和定位。

关键词  梭罗 《瓦尔登湖》 精神家园 真正的生活

Abstract

Over one hundred years ago, on the Independence Day, an American named Thoreau settled down beside Walden. After graduating from Harford, Thoreau could have entered the business community and made great fortune since the USA at that time witnessed a boom in capitalism, yet he chose to go back to nature. Only a man like him can return to an entirely natural way of living. And only those with devout religious beliefs can feel the fleeting of life and time, meditating how human beings live in industrial times.      Through the analysis of Walden, this thesis tries to elaborate Thoreau’s conception of living and his political perception of purity, harmony and peace. Thoreau kept an affectionate record of every single detail of what life was at lakefront, in the forest and in the cabin. His work exerted great impacts on people’s attitude of the US and even the world at large towards nature and to a great extent,  reshaped human’s comprehension of the relationship between human and nature.

Key word: Thoreau   Walden   spiritual  shelter  real life

Introduction
Thoreau: the Man and the Writer
Henry David Thoreau  (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862)  was an American author, poet, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, philosopher, and leading transcendentalist. He was born in Concord ,Massachusetts, and after his graduation from Harvard, he returned and spent most of his life there. With visual enjoyment of the beauty and heart enchanted by the magnificence of the nature, Thoreau and Concord town became an indispensible part of each other. Thoreau devotes himself to his hometown Thoreau needed to concentrate and get himself working more on his writing. In March 1845, Ellery Channing told Thoreau, "Go out upon that, build yourself a hut, & there begin the grand process of devouring yourself alive. I see no other alternative, no other hope for you." Two months later, Thoreau embarked on a two-year experiment in simple living on July 4, 1845, when he moved to a small, self-built house on land owned by Emerson in a second-growth forest around the shores of Walden Pond. The house was in "a pretty pasture and woodlot" of 14 acres that Emerson had bought, 1.5 miles from his family home. And his most famous book,  Walden,was based on his experience during that period.

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