艾米莉•布朗特的经历和性格对《呼啸山庄》的影响_英语文学论文
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摘要

本文主要从艾米莉•布朗特一生的经历及其性格的角度研究她的著作《呼啸山庄》是否受其影响。通过分析《呼啸山庄》的内容,语言特色及其所表达出的感情色彩,探讨艾米莉•布朗特的牧师家庭出身的身份和她的生活环境如何造就了她内向的性格,在精神世界中渴望超现实的绝对的自由生活,以及热爱幻想,同情穷苦人民。这一切都为她的著作《呼啸山庄》的内容和基调埋下了伏笔。

关键词:艾米莉•布朗特,呼啸山庄,经历,性格

Abstract

This thesis is a study on an issue how Wuthering Heights is affected by Emily•Bronte’s experience and personality. Through analyzing the content, linguistic features and emotional coloring of Wuthering Heights, we learn that Emily’s father was a priest and her introverted personality was impacted by him, what’s more, she desired surreal and absolute freedom, loved illusion and gave sympathy to the impoverished. All of these indicated the content and the keynote of the great art of work Wuthering Heights .

Key words: Emily•Bronte ,Wuthering Heights, experience, personality

1. Introduction
1.1    About The writer----Emily Bronte
There appeared a group of excellent women novelists in the British literature of the nineteenth century, such as Jane Austen, Mrs. Gaskell, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Anne Bronte, George Eliot and so on. Among them, the three Bronte sisters, just like three permanent brilliant stars, are shining in the spacious sky of the world literature.
Emily Bronte (1818-1848), an early Victory woman writer, born in Thornton, near Bradford, Yorkshire on July 30, 1818, differed from her elder sister, Charlotte Bronte, in having a more passionate and rebellious character. She was also the 5th child of the Reverend Patrick Bronte, a stern Evangelical curate, and his wife Maria. She was an English poet, as well as a novelist who was considered as a gifted woman writer. Finally, she died of consumption after she spent about thirty years in the world, unmarried. Emily Bronte is considered one of the most important yet elusive figures in nineteenth-century English literature. “Stronger than a man, simpler than a child”, said by Charlotte, is Emily Bronte’s true epitaph, both as an artist and as a human being. Although her life is brief and relatively isolated on the Yorkshire moors, Emily had left behind a literary legacy in Victorian literature that includes one of the most widely read novels in the English language, some 193 poems and verses fragments, seven French exercises, a few birthday notes, and three brief letters.
 

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