父权体制下黛西的“他者”形象浅析
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摘  要:菲茨杰拉德的《了不起的盖茨比》享誉全球,而对于书中女主人公黛西的评价却是褒贬不一。多数评论家认为黛西是引导盖茨比灭亡的真凶。而本文作者想要从女性主义的视角分析黛西这个人物,并为她正身。通过对黛西的“他者”形象进行研究,试图探寻出导致黛西命运悲剧的原因以及感受父权体制下处于社会边缘地位的女性的无助与迷茫。首先,从黛西的“乖乖女”形象分析,得出父权体制下,“父亲”对女儿婚姻、爱情自由的剥夺;再从黛西的“黄金女郎”形象分析,得出身为丈夫,却背叛婚姻,并将妻子引向罪恶;最后,从黛西的“理想女神”形象分析,得出爱人的欺骗与逼迫,一次次加剧她的悲剧。基于对这三个黛西生命中重要的人物,同时也是黛西形象的设定者的分析,来证明他们是直接导致黛西悲剧人生的刽子手,从而得出黛西是父权体制下的受害者的结论。这篇研究,建议大家更多的关注处于社会低层的女性的生活,要给予她们更多的关心和理解。
关键词:他者;女性主义;父权制;受害者


Abstract: Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby has established a good fame in the world. The evaluation of the female character is mixed. Most critics think Daisy is the murderer who leads to Gatsby’s death. This paper wants to analyze the character Daisy from feminism and gives her a fair evaluation. Through the study of her “other” image, the author wants to explore the reasons which lead her tragedy and feel female’s helplessness and confusion in the margin of patriarchal society. Firstly, from the analysis of the image of “well-behaved girl”, the author works out that in patriarchal society, “father” deprives of daughter’s freedom of marriage and love; then from the analysis of the image of “golden lady”, the author thinks that as a husband betrays his marriage and leads her to corruption; Finally, from the analysis of the image of “ideal goddess”, the author realizes that lover’s cheat and force aggravates her tragedy. Based on the analysis of the three important men in Daisy’s life and also her images’ setters, the author proves that they are the murderers who directly lead to Daisy’s tragic life and concludes that Daisy is a victim in a patriarchal society. This paper suggests that people should pay more attention to the life of women who live in the bottom of society and give them more care and understanding.
Key Words: Other; Feminism; Patriarchy; Victim

Francis Scott Fitzgerald is the representative of the Lost Generation and the poet laureate of the Jazz Age. Together with Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, he is considered as one of the most outstanding writers in American literature. Francis Scott Fitzgerald was born in a merchant family in Sao Paulo City, Minnesota. He dropped out of Princeton University and joined the army in 1917. After retired in 1919, he began to create. Besides, there is a similarity between his creation and ‘the lost generation’, which represents the disillusionment of youth ideal of American Dream after the First World War. In 1920, he published his first full-length novel This Side of Paradise and owing to it, he became a very famous novelist overnight and married his wife.

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