隐喻视角下《献给艾米丽的玫瑰》的解读_英语文学论文
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Abstract

    Metaphor, as one of artistic ways to express the metaphorical meaning, has played a decisive role in literary works and endowed literary works with significant meanings. A large number of metaphors are employed in William Faulkner's world-renowned short story A Rose for Emily. For instance, metaphors of characters, such as Emily, Emily’s father and Homer, reveal the conflict between southern traditional culture and northern industrial civilization after American Civil War; Metaphors of objects, like the description of house shows the change of old noble’s social status. The door is a bridge through which Emily connects with the outside world, and it is also a metaphor for Homer’s death. What’s more, Faulkner presents the rose to Emily as well as his beloved south homeland. The above metaphors not only highlight the theme of this short story, but also add the aesthetic charm to it. Through analyzing these major metaphors in depth, this paper aims to achieve a better comprehension of the works and the function of literary metaphors.

Keywords: William Faulkner; metaphor in literature; metaphors of characters; metaphors of objects

摘要

隐喻,作为表达隐含意义一种艺术方法,在文学作品中具有举足轻重的地位。它的出现使文学作品的内容更丰富,意蕴更深远。在威廉•福克纳著名的短篇小说《献给艾米丽的玫瑰》中,作者巧妙地借助了一系列人物隐喻和事物隐喻:艾米丽,父亲与赫默的人物隐喻揭示了美国南北战争之后南方传统文化与北方工业文明之间的矛盾与冲突;房子的描写展示旧贵族社会地位的变迁;门是艾米丽与外界联系的桥梁,同时也隐喻着赫默的死亡之路。福克纳献玫瑰于艾米丽,更是献给他所深深热爱的南方故土。这些隐喻进一步突显和深化了小说的主题,同时也増添了小说的艺术魅力。本文通过对这些人物隐喻和事物隐喻的逐一分析,以期能更好地理解该小说的主旨以及文学隐喻的作用。

关键词:威廉•福克纳;文学隐喻;人物隐喻;事物隐喻
 

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