《荒野的呼唤》中巴克的多重性格分析_英语文学论文
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摘要

《荒野的呼唤》是美国著名作家杰克•伦敦于1903年发表的成名作。狗主人公巴克性格的复杂性和多重性是作品长盛不衰的原因之一。巴克艰苦卓绝的生存道路,生动真切地反映了作者所处时代的美国社会的现实,再现了美国历史上克朗代克淘金热。小说第二章重点讲述了巴克对新生活的向往与渴望。驯服的南方狗巴克来到远离人类文明的荒原后很快适应了极具挑战的生活。第三章主要论述了巴克既具有统治者的凶残狡诈的本性同时也富有献身者的无畏牺牲的激情。生性狡诈的巴克在得到人类平等的尊重和爱时表现出的义不容辞的责任、爱以及忠诚着实令人折服。为了解读作者的思想观念和小说社会背景,许多学者从各个方向入手分析了巴克的性格特征。
对于巴克的多重性格分析具有很高的艺术价值。本文对于小说进行梳理,得到三个主要的线索,并进行了分析。第一,巴克的道德感逐渐减弱,是符合西方哲学中“人性本恶”的观念。第二,巴克是一只有思想的狗,它有自己的生活目标,不论在何种环境中,都是积极生活,从不懈怠。第三,巴克对新生活充满着向往和渴望,对于对桑顿忠诚与爱护。本文也借鉴了其他学者的结论,分析了杰克•伦敦对于棍棒法则的理解和看法,以及杰克•伦敦受到的马克思著作和进化论的影响。许多学者对巴克性格进行了分析,这篇论文中,我们对于巴克性格的分析,紧紧结合小说内容和社会潮流思想,分析的角度更加新颖.

关键词:野性,性格,道德,目标,爱 

Abstract

The Call of the Wild is the masterpiece of Jack London. He was published in 1903. Because of the complexity and multiplicity of Buck’s character, the novel is enduring. Buck arduous road of survival reflected the reality of the American society of that time vividly and truly and reproduced the Klondike Gold Rush Age on American history. The second chapter of the novel focuses on Buck’s desire on new life. Buck was a cultivated dag came from South. He went to the wasteland which was far away from human civilization but he adapted to the challenging environment very soon. The third chapter expounds that Buck bears the nature of ferociousness and at the same time has a passion for sacrifice. We are convinced that he is incumbent upon the cruel Buck to show responsibility, love and loyalty after obtaining human beings equal respect. In order to understand the author’s notion and the background of the novel, many scholars analyze the character of Buck in many directions.
The analysis of Buck’s complex characters has a high artistic value. In this paper, in order to sort the order of the novel, I get the three main leads and analyze them. First, Buck’s sense of morality was declined, he is in line with Western philosophy that man’s nature at birth is bad. Second, Buck was a dog which can think by himself. Buck has his own life goals, no matter what the environment is Buck is optimistic and never slack. Third, Buck was filled with yearning for a new life and a longing for the loyalty and love for Thornton . This paper also draws on the conclusions of other scholars who analyzed Jack London to understand his views to the Laws of Sticks, as well as the impact of Marx’s writings and Darwin’s Law of Nature. In this paper, we analyze the character of Buck origin from the novel content tightly and combine the social trends of thought, the perspective is more creative.

Key words: wildness, character, morel, target, love

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