美国梦的嬗变——从《本杰明.富兰克林自传》到《了不起的盖茨比》_英语文学论文
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摘要



从1789年的独立战争到现在,美国历史只有200多年,但是其发展速度令人惊叹。从最开始的英属殖民地,到现在的超级大国,其崛起展示出了美国的强大。探究其发展的原因能带给我们很多启示。


在这一过程中,“美国梦”起了很重要的作用。它强调人人平等,只要坚持信念,再加上个人努力,就能实现自己的梦想。美国梦作为一个精神概念,它的嬗变反映了不同时期美国的发展状况。从狭义上来说“美国梦”是指任何人都可以通过奋斗达到成功;从广义上讲“美国梦”是一种关于自由、民主、平等的国家理想。“美国梦”是美国文学中一个永恒的主题,一部美国文学史也是一部“美国梦”的发展史,从文学的角度去探究“美国梦”更能体现其对美国社会的深远影响。


本文就是通过对比分析《本杰明.富兰克林自传》和《了不起的盖茨比》,并结合两个时代的不同特点,从而研究美国梦的嬗变。



关键词:美国梦,嬗变,对比分析



Abstract



From the War of Independence in 1789 to the present, American society experienced only a short period of 200 years, but its growth rate is amazing. From British colony to world superpower country, its rise demonstrates the greatness of America. Exploring the reasons for its transformation can bring us a lot of inspiration.


In this process, American Dream played an important role. It emphasizes equality, one just needs to keep the faith, combined with the personal efforts, and he will be able to realize dreams. As a spiritual concept, American Dream’s transformation reflects the development of the United States at different times. In a narrow sense American Dream means that anyone can achieve success through struggle. Broadly speaking, the American Dream is about freedom, democracy, equality, and nation’s ideal. "American Dream" is a timeless theme of American literature. The history of American literature is also history of “American Dream”, from a literary point of view, to explore the "American Dream" can better reflect its profound impact on American society.


This thesis is a comparative analysis on The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin and The Great Gatsby, combined with the characteristics of two different times, so as to study the transformation of the American Dream.



Key words: American dream, transformation,comparative analysis


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