《乞力马扎罗的雪》中主人公哈里的人生悲剧_英语文学论文
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Abstract

Ernest Miller Hemingway is one of the most prominent American novelists and short story writers in the 20th century. His stories are famous for their profound themes, rich content and concise writing style. “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” is one of his best short stories, which describes the protagonist Harry’s decline as a writer, his slide into failure, and his tragic death on the African Plains.  
This paper aims to analyze the protagonist Harry’s tragedy in the story, his failure as a writer and a lover as well as his tragic ends. In addition, the paper will discuss the similarities between the author Hemingway and his character Harry and explores Hemingway’s purpose in creating such a character. The story carries the author’s concern and warning for the American writers. Writers’ integrity is like women’s virginity, once lost, will never be restored. It is hoped that the present study can offer a new perspective in understanding the author and the text.

Key words: “The Snows of Kilimanjaro”  Hemingway  Harry  tragedy 

摘要

欧内斯特·米勒尔·海明威是20世纪美国最杰出的小说家和短篇小说作家之一。他的小说以深刻的主题,丰富的内涵和简练的文笔享誉文坛。《乞力马扎罗的雪》是他最优秀的短篇小说之一,描述了主人公哈里作为作家的堕落,他的失败以及他在非洲平原上等待死亡的悲惨结局。
本文旨在分析小说主人公哈里的人生悲剧,他作为作家和爱人的失败以及他的悲惨结局。同时,本文将比较作者海明威与笔下人物哈里的共同之处,探讨海明威塑造这样一个人物的意图。小说包含了作者对美国作家的关怀与警告:作家的正直好像妇女的贞操,一旦丢失,永远无法恢复。希望本研究能为理解作者和原著提供一个新的视角。

关键词:《乞力马扎罗的雪》;海明威;哈里;悲剧

1.1 Introduction to the Author
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899- July2, 1961) was one of the most prominent American novelists in the 20th century. Born on July 21, 1899, Hemingway was raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After graduating from high school in 1917, he began his writing career as a reporter for a newspaper. When the First World War broke out, Hemingway rushed to the front, working as a war correspondent. In 1918, he was seriously injured in the frontier of Italy. After he recovered, he lived in Paris and became part of the 1920s expatriate community in Paris, later known as “the Lost Generation”, as described in his posthumous memoir A Moveable Feast.
 

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