犹太人智慧在世俗智慧文学与神圣智慧文学中的体现——《圣经》之《约伯记》解读_英语文学论文
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摘要:

希伯来文学是西方文明与西方文学的源流。而《圣经》中犹太人的智慧是希伯来文学中的重要内容。本论文主要用《圣经》中智慧文学的一章《约伯记》来解析犹太人的两种智慧模式。通过犹太人智慧在世俗智慧文学与神圣智慧文学中的体现来解读犹太人的信仰。从《约伯记》的内容入手,探究犹太人的智慧并通过联系《新约》与《旧约》论证。在主人公约伯无辜受苦所引发的对人类和上帝的思考中得出犹太人的智慧:敬畏主就是智慧(《约伯记》28章28节)。读者应在约伯不断寻求上帝的过程中和上帝给约伯的启示中了解世俗智慧与神圣智慧。《约伯记》中还包含其他类型的智慧,本文只讨论了两种,在后续研究中还应做广泛的探究。

关键词:世俗智慧;神圣智慧;犹太人智慧;约伯记;上帝

Abstract:

The Hebrew literature is the origin of the western civilization and western literature, and the wisdom of the Jews in the Bible is an important part in the Hebrew literature. This paper mainly uses the Book of Job, a chapter of wisdom literature in the Bible, to analyze two forms of Jewish wisdom and through the Jewish wisdom reflected in secular wisdom and sacred wisdom to interpret the religion of the Jews. This paper explores the wisdom of the Jews from the content of the Job and proves that by contacting with the New Testament and the Old Testament. The innocent Job’s suffering caused the thinking of human and the thinking of God that draws a conclusion: The Jewish wisdom is ‘The fear of the Lord –that is wisdom’ (Job 28:28). Readers should understand the secular wisdom and sacred wisdom in the process of Job seeking for God and God’s revelation for Job. Some other forms of wisdom are also included in Job. This paper only discusses two of them, and in the follow-up study should do a wide range of exploration.

Key words: secular wisdom; sacred wisdom; Jewish wisdom; Job; God

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