《哈利波特与魔法石》中典型人物的原型分析_英语文学论文
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摘要

《哈利波特与魔法石》以其奇幻的故事内容吸引着世界各地的读者,如今,一些学者对此作品已经有了相当多的研究,但从原型理论出发,进行解读的研究相对比较分散。因此,本文根据荣格的原型理论,对其中典型人物——哈利波特、伏地魔——的创作原型进行探索。首先对哈利波特这一人物进行分析,通过解读哈利的成长过程来分析哈利成为英雄的原因,然后运用女性原型,分析女性在哈利成功道路上的重要作用;其次是撒旦原型伏地魔,通过对恶魔的描写,突出英雄的受难。通过原型分析发现,正是原型的特征使得《哈利波特与魔法石》具有除了独特的想象力之外的文化魅力,而畅销全球。
 
关键词:哈利波特;原型理论;英雄原型;女性原型;撒旦原型

Abstract

Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone is a story of fantasy and it attracts many readers with it’s wonderful story. Although there are many scholars who did some studies on this book, studies based on the prototype theory has not been as a system. This paper is based on Jung Carl Gustav’s archetypes theory and views Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone as the material. The key point lies in the exploration of typical characters’ archetype. The author analyses the archetype of main characters in Harry Potter and Philosopher’s Stone from two aspects: (1) analyze the hero —— Harry Potter directly; the archetype of women makes the whole story more attractive. (2) the archetype of Satan makes a great difference in shaping the hero Harry Potter. It is the characteristic of archetype theory that makes this fiction possesses the cultural fascination. Also, it is the writer’s unique imagination that makes this book a good seller all around the world.
 
Key Words: Harry Potter; archetype theory; hero archetype; the archetype of women; the archetype of Satan
 

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