论《失乐园》中的自由意志和反叛精神_英语文学论文
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Abstract

Paradise Lost was created by John Milton, a famous British poet in the seventeenth century. This poem was known as “the greatest English writings” on the grounds that it had a profound meaning in terms of contents along with novel and unique descriptions in expression. This poem has received a mixed reaction, but its readership has increased drastically, and today it is still at the top of the West Bestseller list. In this poem, the author expressed the British people’s yearning for freedom and rebellion to the feudal autocratic monarchy through depicting the God, Satan, Adam, Eve and other characters.
After summing up other researchers’ study, I try to give a specific analysis from the two aspects of the free will and rebellious spirit. The whole thesis consists four parts. The first part I give a brief introduction of life and literary career of John Milton as well as Paradise Lost. And the second part is to show the studies of other researchers about Paradise Lost. In the third part, I give a critical analysis to the free will and rebellious spirit of protagonists through their words, deeds and inner activities and combine the free will and rebellious spirit with time. Finally, I sum up the whole paper to reveal the theme ------fight against tyranny and pursue freedom and liberation.

Key Words: Paradise Lost   Milton   free will   rebellious spirit
 
摘要

《失乐园》是由17 世纪英国著名诗人弥尔顿所创作的。这篇诗文由于内容具有深刻的蕴意、描写手法有很大的新颖性、表现方式独特等, 一直被誉为“英国最伟大的著作”。虽然得到褒贬不一的评价,但其读者却与日俱增,时至今日仍高居于欧美畅销书的榜首。在这篇诗作中, 作者通过描绘上帝、撒旦、亚当、夏娃等人物, 对当时英国人民对自由的向往和对封建君主专制的反叛进行了惟妙惟肖的隐射。
 本文在总结前人的基础上,从自由意志和反叛精神的角度对《失乐园》进行剖析。本文由四个部分组成。首先简要介绍了诗人弥尔顿的生活、文学生涯以及所写巨作《失乐园》,其次展示了前人对《失乐园》的研究,然后,通过深入分析主人公撒旦、亚当和夏娃的言行举止和内心活动,来体现自由意志和反叛精神,并结合诗人弥尔顿当时所处的时代背景,最后上升到反专制暴政,追求自由解放的主题思想。
 
关键词:失乐园  弥尔顿  自由意志   反叛精神
 

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