《傲慢与偏见》的女权主义_英语文学论文
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摘 要

简•奥斯汀作为十八世纪杰出的女性作家,其女权主义的早期进步思想深深地体现在她的作品中,因此,文学评论家及社会学者将其视为女权主义者。《傲慢与偏见》作为其代表作,也是研究女权主义的佳作。本文将选取《傲慢与偏见》来研究它所体现的女权主义。伊丽莎白在《傲慢与偏见》中是女权主义的典范,个性独特而又睿智的她在追求与男性平等的过程中,与父权社会中的传统女性截然不同。通过分析小说中女主人公的性格特点,结合历史背景,并通过研究伊丽莎白这个主要人物,以她为线索,分析小说中女性话语权的体现,对平等人格的追求,婚姻观以及真挚的姐妹情谊,从而解读《傲慢与偏见》的女权主义思想。简•奥斯汀在代表作《傲慢与偏见》中表现了她追求男女平等的思想并以独特的女性视角表现了女性在婚姻中的地位,是十九世纪女性意识的觉醒。

关键词:《傲慢与偏见》;简•奥斯汀;伊丽莎白;女权主义

Abstract
Jane Austen, as a distinguished female writer in the eighteenth century, is regarded as a feminist by some literary critics and sociologists, because her works reflect the original progressive opinions on feminism. Pride and Prejudice, as her magnum opus, is also an excellent work to study the feminism. This thesis will analyze the feminism through focusing on the Pride and Prejudice. Elizabeth is regarded as a good example of feminism in pride and Prejudice. In the process of her pursuit of equality with men, Elizabeth as a woman who is intelligent and has the unique personality, she is different from the traditional lady in patriarchal society. Through analyzing the characters of heroine, combining the historical background, conjecture carefully the feminism in Pride and Prejudice. And through researching the major character Elizabeth who as the clue to analyze the embodiment of female discourse right, the pursuit of equal personality, the sincere sisterhood and the view of marriage in the novel to understand the thought of feminism reflected in Pride and Prejudice. Jane Austen in her masterpiece Pride and Prejudice, expressed the idea of pursuing the equality between men and women, and with the unique female perspective to show the status of women in marriage. It is the awakening of female consciousness in the 19th century.

Keywords: Pride and Prejudice; Jane Austen; Elizabeth; feminism

1 Introduction
This paper is on the feminism in Pride and Prejudice written by Jane Austen who is an extremely well-known woman writer all over the world. The character of heroine who has the rebellious spirit of times pursues the gender equality and the happy marriage based on love in this novel, which fully shows the feminist thought.

 

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