从《汤姆叔叔的小屋》看基督教对美国黑奴的精神救赎_英语文学论文
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摘   要

 作为废奴文学的杰出代表,《汤姆叔叔的小屋》从一问世就受到了广泛关注,它生动的再现了当时美国黑奴的生活情景。而基督教作为当今世界三大宗教之一,有着世界上范围最广的信徒。
基督教是《汤姆叔叔的小屋》的主要线索之一,它的主人公,尤其是汤姆叔叔的小屋的命运与之密切相关。基于小说主要人物的经历和命运,本文探索了19世纪基督教对美国黑奴的精神救赎---成功或者苍白。
论文首先从经济、政治和文化三方面研究19世纪美国黑奴的现实生活状况,然后基于《汤姆叔叔的小屋》探索基督教对美国黑奴的精神救赎:它对汤姆叔叔产生了巨大影响,却始终被乔治拒绝。
本文的研究成果能够为有关《汤姆叔叔的小屋》小说本身和19世纪美国黑奴生活,尤其是对这两者结合点的研究提供必要的补充,并且为当今基督教的盛行提供新的解释。

关键词:基督教,汤姆叔叔的小屋,黑奴

ABSTRACT

As an outstanding anti-slavery representative, Uncle Tom’s Cabin gets heat discussion ever since it’s published. It is a vivid reflection of the life of American black slave then. Christianity is one of the world three major religions and gets the most widespread followers. When the two meets, there is sure to be some stories.
Christianity is one of the main clues of Uncle Tom’s Cabin; its main characters, especially Uncle Tom’s fate is closely related to and influenced by it. Based on main characters’ life experience in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, This thesis investigated Christianity’s spiritual salvation on American black slaves in 19th century—its great success and failure.
This thesis first investigated American blacks’ life in 19th century America—their economic, political and cultural condition. After that, it analyzed the spiritual salvation of Christianity on black slaves in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, its great influence on Uncle Tom and failure on George.
The result will be a supplement to the literature on Uncle Tom’s Cabin and Christianity, especially to the two combined, and also provides some explanation of the prevalence of Christianity now.

Key words: Christianity, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Black Slave

1  Introduction
Christianity is one of the world’s three main religions, and probably, the most influential one. It was derived from Judaism, but it had much less Judah nationality color. Gradually, it was accepted by more and more people in Europe, and along with colonization, it was spread to America. White people from European believed in Christianity, and with the development of slavery, it also became the hope and spiritual support of black slaves.
In 17th and 18th centuries, white American plantation owner practically opposed black people’s access to Christianity. They had racism in mind and believed black slaves were uncivilized people who didn’t have the quality to contact with god. While in 19th century, they changed their mind, and began using Christianity as one of their tools to control the blacks in spirit.
 

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