《远离尘嚣》中芭丝谢芭对父权制态度的演变_英语文学论文
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摘要:

托马斯·哈代是英国维多利亚时期一位著名小说家,他塑造的女性形象深入人心,《远离尘嚣》是他的成名作。因此,越来越多的人研究这本小说。《远离尘嚣》描述了女主人公芭丝谢芭与三位男子的情感纠葛,以及其爱情、事业和人生的变迁,体现出维多利亚时期的女性悲剧。父权意识是维多利亚时期主流思想之一,是父系社会留下来的一种认为男性高于女性的思想。本文受维多利亚时期父权制观念的启发,以此作为论文的出发点,结合芭丝谢芭性格、经济、爱情与婚姻的改变等各方面分析芭丝谢芭对父权制态度的演变,并且阐述悲剧产生的原因。

关键词:芭丝谢芭;父权制;女性悲剧

Abstract:

Thomas Hardy was an English famous novelist of Victorian age. Those female images built by him all enjoyed popular support. Far from the Madding Crowd was Hardy’s masterpiece which brought him great reputation. Therefore, more and more scholars do some research on the novel. Far from the Madding Crowd described the heroine Bathsheba’s emotional involvement with three men, and the change of her love, enterprise and life, which gave an expression to female tragedy in Victorian age. The ideology of patriarchal fatherhood was one of the mainstream ideologies in Victorian age and was a kind of thought left by patriarchy society which believed men were higher than women. This thesis is inspired by patriarchy concept and also uses it to be the start point of this paper to analyze the evolution process of Bathsheba’s attitude to patriarchy by combining the change of her character, economy, love and marriage, etc. And the author will also expound the causes of the tragedy.

Key words: Bathsheba; patriarchy; female tragedy

1. Introduction
Thomas Hardy is one of the novelists of influence in the nineteenth century of England. He produces 15 novels, 4 short stories, 8 poems and 2 poetic dramas, is also considered as one of the most classics authors of western literature history. To compare with most Victorian writers, Hardy is not only good at characterization, but also good at the description of female minds. Those female characters under Hardy’s writing all have female consciousness. But the female consciousness is all destroyed finally.
Far from the Madding Crowd tells us a love story in the countryside of England. Gabriel Oak was a hard working farm owner who started and stocked a farm, and made a living by his intelligence and lived a frugal life. He fell in love with Bathsheba Everdene, a proud beautiful young woman who inherited a farm from her uncle. However, when he made a proposal to her, she refused and even laughed at him. What’s worse, Oak had lost all of his fortune and became an ordinary man. On his way to find a job, he saved a dangerous fire on a farm which just belonged to Bathsheba. To thank for him, Bathsheba gave him a job. The job connected them again. After experiencing two men, William Boldwood and Frank Troy, Bathsheba realized the bitterness of her love and marriage, she found Gabriel Oak was always on her side and could do anything for her. Finally, they got married.
 

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