中学英语教师对学生学习策略指导现状研究_英语论文.doc
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中学英语教师对学生学习策略指导现状研究_英语论文

An Exploration of EFL Teachers’ Instructions on Students’ Learning Strategies

摘要

随着二语习得逐渐流行开来,同样作为其组成部分的以英语作为第二语言或者是外语领域也是如此。许多研究者就此领域为大众提供了很多理论与实践方面的有价值的研究成果。但是,大多数的研究都把焦点放在关于学习策略的理论研究上,较少关注当前以英语作为外语教学的教师对学生学习策略指导现状的研究这一方面。本文旨在探索当前中学英语教师对学生学习策略指导现状的研究,并对此给予总括性的概述,发现问题并提出相应解决措施。本文不仅希望借此提高英语教师对这一问题的重视程度和对当前不足进行改进,而且也希望对学生学习策略的使用提供帮助和建立起终身受益的好习惯。另外,本文也可作为后续研究的相关参考资料。

本文采用国内外文献研究法、问卷法、访谈法、观察法等方式收集数据,采用SPSS软件对所得数据进行分析,从而得出如下结论。第一,提升中学英语教师关于学习策略和学习策略指导的相关知识以帮助其更理性和有效地对学生进行指导。第二,开展在职培训及相关项目帮助中学英语教师调整和创新对学习策略指导的运用。第三,建立以学生为主导,教师为引导的共享共创的新型师生关系。

关键词:学习策略 二语习得 英语学习 以英语作为外语学习的学习策略指导

Abstract

Since there is a tendency that SLA (Second Language Acquisition) is gaining its popularity, so does the ESL (English as a Second Language) and EFL (English as a Foreign Language), which are part of it. Many researchers have played their part in it, providing the public with lots of valuable and significant findings that can be employed both in theoretical and practical fields. However, the majority of the researchers put their emphasis on the theoretical perspectives on learning strategies and very few on the current situation of EFL teachers’ instructions on the students’ learning strategies. This thesis focuses on the exploration of EFL teachers’ instruction on students’ learning strategies in the junior high school in part of Sichuan Province, China. And it tries to provide a general account of the current situation with suggestions to the existing problems, with which not only can evoke the EFL teachers’ attention to the instructions on this issue and make some improvements, but also give some thoughts for students to use language learning strategies and armed themselves with the life-long beneficial behavior, for example, self-study, self-examination, self-adjustment and so on. Besides, this study may also be used as an indication or reference for those who want to get into this issue. In other words, the study might be seen as a glimpse into the education circle on this issue to build up a better environment for the English language study.

The study collects data via the literature review home and abroad, the questionnaire, the interview, and the observations, then analyzed by the SPSS with quantitative and qualitative methods. It arrives at the following conclusions. Firstly, the EFL teachers’ knowledge about learning strategies and instructions on strategies needs to be improved to make the guidance on students more rationally and effectively. Secondly, appropriate on-job training and further programs need to be carried out to help teachers adjust and innovate their employment of instructions. Thirdly, the new type of relationships between teachers and students should be established.

Key Words: Learning strategies SLA EFL learning EFL learning strategy instructions

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